Ju'aymah Crude Oil Terminal
Ju'aymah Crude Oil Terminal is a Saudi Aramco crude oil and bunker fuel loading facility designed for loading and topping off deep drafted tankers.
The loading facilities are located approximately 29 kilometers north-northwest of the Ras Tanura Terminal and 11 kilometers offshore. These facilities consist of an oil metering and manifold platform, a terminal control platform and six single-point mooring berths.
The oil platform, located in 15.24 meters of water, receives crude and fuel oil bunkers from the storage tanks on the shore to the south southwest of the platform. The control platform is 46 meters to the north of the oil platform and is connected to it by a walkway bridge. This houses the communications, testing laboratory, offices, control system and meteorological equipment.
Six Single Point Mooring (SPM) buoys have been established between 1.6 and 6.4 kilometers to the northeast of these platforms at a water depth exceeding 32 meters, facilitating the acceptance of the largest tankers in the world.
Two types of SPMs are available at Ju'aymah: Catenary Anchor Line Mooring (CALM) and Single Anchor Line Mooring (SALM).
Crude oil and bunkers are received at each buoy from the oil platform through one bunker and two crude oil submarine pipelines, which are connected to the buoy by flexible submarine hoses. The crude string tail hoses are fitted with 16 or 20-inch Class 150 ANSI flanges for connection to ships’ manifolds. The bunker string tail hoses are fitted with 12-inch class 150 ANSI flanges. Crude oil loading rates up to 130,000 barrels per hour are attainable at each SPM buoy.
Subsea lines up to 142 centimeters (56 inches) diameter deliver crude and fuel oil for bunkering from Ju'aymah Crude Tank Farm to the metering platform. There the oil can be metered, sampled and routed to any of the SPMs, via subsea lines of sizes up to 122 centimeters (48 inches) in diameter. Flexible cargo hoses are used to connect these subsea lines to the SPMs that eventually connect to the tanker’s manifold.
Ju'aymah RLPG Terminal
This facility consists of a single sea island located in 23.8 meters of water and is accessible from the shore by a 10 kilometer, pre-stressed concrete trestle. The sea island comprises two RLPG loading berths designed to service tankers from 25,000 to 200,000 DWT.
Thirty-six inch, insulated RLPG loading lines run along the trestle to deliver butane and propane at maximum hourly rates of 23,000 barrels.