Gas development

Our ability to increase supplies of natural gas to reduce the Kingdom’s reliance on liquid fuel for electricity generation and to power seawater desalination plants is vital for the country’s continued prosperity.

To meet this challenge, we plan to nearly double our supply of gas over the coming decade to more than 20 billion standard cubic feet per day (scfd), taking clean gas to more than 70% of our utilities fuel mix — among the highest rates in the world.

Saudi Aramco is responsible for known gas reserves of 297.6 trillion standard cubic feet (scf).

In 2015, we achieved a record for raw gas processing, averaging 11.6 billion scfd. Greater volumes of gas mean more feedstock for industries to expand and new ones to emerge, helping to drive the creation of new jobs. The increased use of cleaner burning natural gas in the Kingdom’s fuel mix also brings with it environmental benefits in the form of lower emissions.  


In its early phase, the Fadhili Gas Plant will process 2.5 billion scfd from onshore and offshore fields and is on track to come on-stream by 2019.

The Fadhili Gas System will be unique in several aspects. Environmentally, it is being designed with the maximum sulfur recovery of 99.9% utilizing the Tail Gas Treatment process, and by using Power Recovery Hydraulic Turbine technology in place of conventional control valves to capture the significant pressure drop in the gas processing trains to generate energy. It will include a cogeneration plant with the capacity to produce roughly 1.3 gigawatts of power and 3.2 million pounds per hour of steam.  

Meeting the demand for energy

When completed, Fadhili Gas Plant will become a key component of the Kingdom’s Master Gas System, which will meet growing domestic demand for energy by expanding from its current 9.3 billion scfd of sales gas in 2015 to 12.2 billion scfd by 2021.


Karan, our first non-associated offshore gas field development, has boosted the Kingdom’s gas production by 18 percent. Discovered in 2006 in the thickest, extremely prolific and complex carbonate layers, the project was fast-tracked, taking only five years to go from discovery to production.

Non-associated gas fields do not have an associated oil column and, therefore, can be accessed without producing oil. The raw gas is transported through a 110-kilometer subsea pipeline to the Khursaniyah Gas Plant for processing. 

On time, on budget

With 61.5 million safe man-hours achieved without a lost time incident, the development was completed ahead of schedule and below budget.


Located in the Tabuk region, Saudi Aramco's first such project in the Kingdom’s northwest. The Midyan field, discovered in the early 1990s during Red Sea coastal plain exploration, was studied to identify ways to optimize economic production.

We anticipate bringing the plant onstream by the end of 2016, with the capacity to produce and process 75 million scfd of nonassociated gas and 4,500 barrels per day (bpd) of condensate. The plant will deliver sales gas and condensate to power the Saudi Electricity Company’s new Duba Power Plant, a high-efficiency plant that will combine solar power with energy generated from the fuel supplied by Midyan.  

Midyan: an engineering landmark 

Economic growth

Together, our gas plant and the power station will spur economic development in the area, generating opportunities for training, job growth, and new businesses.


The natural gas liquids (NGL) recovery plant at Shaybah was commissioned and started NGL production in December 2015. The plant will help us meet increasing demand for petrochemical feedstock by recovering valuable NGL from produced gas.

Designed to process as much as 2.4 billion scfd of associated gas and recover 275,000 bpd of ethane plus NGL, the Shaybah facility will feed these new volumes of NGL via pipeline to Ju’aymah for further processing before being delivered as petrochemical feedstock to industrial cities.  

Sustainable long-term production

Together with the plant, a 637-square-km wildlife sanctuary to protect, preserve and promote the vulnerable wildlife and biodiversity in the area is being constructed. Once vegetation is well established, we plan to reintroduce large native animals such as the Arabian oryx and sand gazelle.


Our latest gas plant, Wasit, is designed to process 2.5 billion scfd of nonassociated gas and supply 1.7 billion scfd of sales gas to the Master Gas System, fueling electrical power and seawater desalination plants and supplying feedstock for the petrochemical industry. Our continued success in increasing supplies of cleaner burning natural gas makes it possible for us to reduce emissions, enable new industries and release more crude oil for value-added refining or export.

Wasit’s design reflects our plan to become self-sufficient in power generation. By converting waste heat to steam, Wasit has the capacity to generate 798 megawatts of power. This process, known as cogeneration, allows us to produce electricity as a byproduct of our operations. Less fuel is required to produce energy and less fuel is consumed, thereby lowering emissions.

Behind the power of cogeneration is the power of people. Our employees oversaw the design and construction of the cogeneration plant. All the members of the cogeneration operations team are Saudis, many of whom are young graduates of our Apprentice Program.

Sustainable power

Wasit, combined with the other gas plants in the Master Gas System, enables us to process more than 11 billion scf of gas every day, delivering on our commitment to safely and sustainably power progress and prosperity.