A marine terminal on the Red Sea coast will accommodate Very Large Crude Carriers (VLCCs) for the supply of crude oil to the new refinery.
A 2,400 megawatt high-efficiency combined cycle power plant is also part of a project that will form the backbone of a new Jazan Economic City.
In November 2006, the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Abdullah, launched the Jazan Economic City Project as part of a strategic vision to boost economic activity in the southwestern region of the Kingdom and serve growing domestic energy demand.
On November 14, 2012, representatives from eight Saudi and international contractors and Saudi Aramco signed contracts to pave the way for the construction phase of the refinery and terminal project during a ceremony in Jazan described as "historic."
The Jazan Refinery and Terminal Project will provide more than 1,000 direct jobs in addition to 4,000 indirect jobs. Only three other refinery projects on the same scale as the Jazan Refinery have been commissioned worldwide in the past 20 years.